Southwest Asia is a geographic region that includes, from a geographical point of view, the Caucasus, Kopet-Dagh, Asia minor, Armenian and Iranian plateau, Mesopotamia, Arabian Peninsula and Levant, and from a political point of view, three regions — the middle East (without Africa), Middle East and Transcaucasia (South Caucasus). While the Arabian Peninsula and Mesopotamia combined into southwest Asia.
A large part of Western Asia is filled by the mountain structures of the Alpine geosynclinal region, continued mountain building in southern Europe. In relief they are expressed in the form of uplands with relatively raised peripheral circuits and the lowering of the inland plateau. In the South to them prichlenyaet Arabian-Syria block representing a part of the African platform. The Arabian region in all respects is closer to Northern Africa than to the rest of Asia.
West Asia can be called a kind of “cradle of world civilization” Diverse peoples that were part of Sumer, Babylon, Assyria and other States, due to the geographical location was in contact with the Asian mainland. and South East Asia, and Cretan-Mycenaean world. That is why, a number of artistic discoveries of antiquity became the heritage of many countries.
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