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In the long process of development formed morphostructural features of the mountains of Central Asia and Kazakhstan

In the long process of development formed morphostructural features of the mountains of Central Asia and Kazakhstan. Tien Shan, Saur, Tarbagatai, Dzhungarsky Alatau, part of the ridges of the Pamirs belong to the revived belt, fold-hat mountain. Part of the Pamirs and Kopetdag – mountains of youth – hat-folded and folded.

The types of relief

A characteristic feature of the relief of the mountains of Central Asia and Kazakhstan is the tiering of the main types of topography and extensive development of surfaces alignment, which fragments are located at different hypsometric levels, and in the basins overlain by a cover of loose Neogene-Quaternary deposits.

The surface of the alignment are ancient relics of the smoothed topography that formed on the territory of the mountains to the commencement of the General crest of the uplift. The nature of them is different. In some cases, is a medium-altitude mountains smoothed, about 1-1,5 km rising above the upland plains, in addit ional – megagamete or hummocky upland plain with relative elevations of several Continue reading