Nicholas II Alexandrovich /Romanov/ (6(18).05.1868 Tsarskoye Selo — 17.08.1918 Ekaterinburg) — last Russian Emperor (1894-1917 gg.), the eldest son of Emperor Alexander III Alexandrovich and Empress Maria Feodorovna. His reign coincided with the rapid industrial and economic development of the country. Under Nicholas II Russia was defeated in Russo-Japanese war 1904-1905 Russian-Japanese war 1904-1905 — emerged in a climate of increased struggle of the imperialist powers for the division semi-feudal China and Korea; sported aggressive, unjust, imperialist character on both sides.In the ongoing rivalry of the powers in the far East especially active role was played by capitalist Japan, who sought to take over Korea and northeast China (Manchuria). that was one of the reasons the revolution of 1905-1907. In 1907 Russia became a member of the Entente, which in 1914 entered the First world war. August (5 September) 1915 Nicholas II and the Supreme commander of the armed forces of Russia. During the February revolution of 1917 March 2(15) abdicated. Nicholas II in 1918 in Yekaterinburg, shot together with the family. In 2000, canonized by the Russian Orthodox Church.
Portrait of Emperor Nicholas II. Hood. Boris Kustodiev
First visit to Nikolaev the future Emperor Continue reading
In Japan celebrates 14 public holidays, on each day off. In addition to these, there are many holidays in one culture of the country came recently, others for several thousand years. By the way, in Japan it is not customary to congratulate with holidays.Porridge, according to popular belief, fill the body force for a year. The reason for the congratulations can only be a personal achievement or the success of graduating high school, for example, or the birth of a child. Samples – the Holidays of Japan presentation To all “personal” holidays is to give gifts.Usually celebrated for 5 days from December 30 to January 3.Sleep is considered to lie only in the night of 2nd / 3rd January. A surprise also on the last day of the outgoing year and the summer festival of Bon. The Japanese are a practical people, because most of to each other give useful things towels, soap, food, exotic fruit. The gift should not be too “personal”. More will be valued not the gift itself, and its beautiful packaging. In the presence of the giver to open my presents − these could inadvertently hurt him.August 15 in Japan August − Day of remembrance of the victims of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Furthermore, gifts cannot be refused. July 1 open July climbing season on September 15 is celebrated Continue reading
This is the most favorite and bright holiday and new year’s holidays, lasting from 28 December to 4 January, are days of rest for everyone. Stops at this time practically all of business life in the country. There were times when On-segatsu celebrated according to the lunar calendar, but since the late 19th century the Japanese started to celebrate this holiday according to the generally accepted Gregorian calendar.
Japan is a country rich in diverse, interesting customs and traditions. In celebration of the New year it is very noticeable. Preparing for the holiday before its occurrence. On the streets of Japanese cities are many Christmas fairs, selling everything from Souvenirs and clothing to ritual objects. For example, HAMAMI. This blunt arrows with white feathers that protect the house from harm and evil forces. Or TAKARABUNE. Are the ships with rice and other “treasures” on which are seated seven gods of fortune.
Very popular talisman for good luck — CANADA (translated as “bear’s paw”). It reminds made of a bamboo rake. This thing is supposed to “rake” happiness. With every purchase the visitors of the stores is given as a traditional gift animal figure is a symbol of the coming year.
We can not talk about traditional Japanese decoration of the home before the New year, the so-called kadomatsu, Continue reading