Southwest Asia is a geographic region that includes, from a geographical point of view, the Caucasus, Kopet-Dagh, Asia minor, Armenian and Iranian plateau, Mesopotamia, Arabian Peninsula and Levant, and from a political point of view, three regions — the middle East (without Africa), Middle East and Transcaucasia (South Caucasus). While the Arabian Peninsula and Mesopotamia combined into southwest Asia.
A large part of Western Asia is filled by the mountain structures of the Alpine geosynclinal region, continued mountain building in southern Europe. In relief they are expressed in the form of uplands with relatively raised peripheral circuits and the lowering of the inland plateau. In the South to them prichlenyaet Arabian-Syria block representing a part of the African platform. The Arabian region in all respects is closer to Northern Africa than to the rest of Asia.
West Asia can be called a kind of “cradle of world civilization” Diverse peoples that were part of Sumer, Babylon, Assyria and other States, due to the geographical location was in contact with the Asian mainland. and South East Asia, and Cretan-Mycenaean world. That is why, a number of artistic discoveries of antiquity became the heritage of many countries.
Multi-tribal culture of southwest Asia, however, was not homogeneous. Successive peoples who carried the new trends, often ruthlessly destroyed what was created by their predecessors. And yet, in its development inevitably they relied on the experience of the past.
In the art of southwest Asia have developed the same kinds of art, and in Egypt. The leading role here is also played monumental architecture, which is closely related to other forms of art. In the States of Mesopotamia, the important role belonged to the round sculpture, relief, small plastic, jewelry art. Created and wall paintings. But many features markedly distinguish the art of Asia from Egypt. Other natural conditions have defined the architecture of Mesopotamia. The river floods caused a need of construction of buildings on elevated areas. The lack of stone led to the construction of less durable material — Adobe bricks. Consequently, it was not only the features architectural forms with simple cubic volumes, no curved shapes, but also a different interpretation of ornamentation. Introduction vertical division planes of the walls of the niches and ledges, the sonorous use of color accents contributed not only to destroy the monotony of the brickwork, but also the enrichment of the architectural image.
Due to the underdevelopment of funerary cult in Mesopotamia is not as intensive development, as in Egypt. large monumental plastic forms. Ho statues of deities and rulers a variety of plastic solutions, the mark of significance. In the reliefs of Mesopotamia also are born and new topics associated with the story of victorious wars, acts of rulers.
Along with relief and round plastic distribution receives the glyptic — carved cylinder seals-amulets, covered with fine carvings depicting people, animals, fantastic scenes. In this art form the Nations of Western Asia had attained the highest perfection.
Monuments of art Paradou Asia preserved to our days is much less than the art monuments of Egypt. Wars, fires, and fragile building materials that contributed to their destruction. However, before we reached a diverse range of artistic works created during the 4-3 Millennium BC in the ancient States of Mesopotamia — Sumerian and Akkadian, allowing to judge about the main features of art of Western Asia. Ancient Sumer and Akkad, the historical fate of which is closely intertwined with each other, as if laid a strong Foundation of culture of Mesopotamia. It was here that the script, developed the main characters and the types of architecture, has formed the relief, round plastic, glyptic, the art.