Customs and traditions of Lezgian (with pictures)
Along with Islam in the Lezgin culture preserved the elements of pagan beliefs. To this day in the life of the Lezgian show a remarkable phenomena and items, customs and rituals that have deep roots in far antiquity. In the 21st century high-tech and amazing quirks of antiquity, the imprints of the past, and this shows again how diverse and unique corners of the Earth, one of which is the edge of the Lezghins.
Even in pre-Islamic times, when people could not describe the laws of nature, he ascribed all the divine spirits. The Lezgins, they were called the Djinn, which were more often evil than good. So naturally, to protect themselves and loved ones, made all kinds of charms. For example, if the house was built, we had to hang on the wall, the tableware. This was to bring new settlers happiness and prosperity. Still in Lezgin homes can be found this ancient “ADAT”.
As amulets, the Lezghins have also used thorny plants. Perhaps this is due to a belief that pricked sharp needles evil Genie will leave the person and not bring him into trouble. Similarly thorns were hung on the walls, and currently they are often seen as remote under the rear view mirror in the car.
Generally, as the talismans were used quite a lot of subjects. The house could decorate fancy wooden driftwood, stones, animal horns, and even their whole head. Looked very nice items edged weapons: sabers, daggers, knives. And some craftsmen carved from wood of different animals and birds.
Still preserved at the Lezgins, the rite of sprinkling salt. When someone fell ill, it was attributed to the “evil eye”. Then around the patient’s head held a pinch of salt, read the prayer and ask them to take this “evil eye”. Further similarly conducted salt over the fire, and it symbolized that the one who brings the “evil eye” needs to burn in Hell. The same custom held “for future use”, so it will not be “jinxed” that all was well and so.
In those days, when people could not describe a natural phenomenon, any abnormal phenomenon was perceived as something supernatural. For example, a whimsical tree was considered a Holy place. The Holy places are called Lezgins at the pier. These “peers” could be different sources of water, huge boulders and even mountains. In these places of pilgrimage were committed, brought there for alms, asking for help, praying.
This Holy place is called “seven brothers”. From one root grew seven, at first glance independent, a huge tree.
But this “feast” has grown exactly in the middle of the road, piercing the thick layer of asphalt. Recently the Azerbaijani authorities wanted to uproot this Holy place Lezghins, but, according to local residents, fitting even the excavator could not overpower it. Indeed, Lezgin spirit is not broken! This “feast” the road divides into two parts, and passing people stop, put the charity and ask God for help. But if a car or a train passing by does not stop, the Lezgins still stood up from their seats and, after washing the face with hands, recite the line from the Koran: “Bismillahi Rahmani Rahim”.
Such shrines have Lezghins countless. Coming back, Lezgins hang cloths. And, if you ever decided to walk along the edges of the Lezgin, you will certainly find lots of quaint places hung with colored cloths. This is the Lezgin shrines – “Lezgi pirard”. Sometimes so many ribbons that it was impossible sometimes to consider what they’re hiding.
Lezgin about customs you can write more than one book. The people, which is a worthy face of the Caucasus, the people who lives in the middle of Europe and Asia, preserved through the centuries wayward unique culture. All of this unique, harsh and courageous my native Lezghin territory.